开源日报 每天推荐一个 GitHub 优质开源项目和一篇精选英文科技或编程文章原文,坚持阅读《开源日报》,保持每日学习的好习惯。
今日推荐开源项目:《视频教学 awesome-tech-videos》
今日推荐英文原文:《How to Avoid These 6 Unintended Consequences of Using A.I. at Your Company》
2019年3月12日:开源日报第362期
今日推荐开源项目:《视频教学 awesome-tech-videos》传送门:GitHub链接
推荐理由:从 youtube 等网站上找到的技术相关视频合集。有的时候除了看各种教程网站,通过视频去寻找一些教程也是一个好主意,看视频教程实际上就像上课一样——尽管看网页教程来的更快,但是视频的教程会讲到一些从讲者自身经验中得出的细节,双方各有所长。顺便也能考察一下你的英语能力——你不可能随时都能使用你的翻译软件不是吗?
今日推荐英文原文:《How to Avoid These 6 Unintended Consequences of Using A.I. at Your Company》作者:inc. magazine
原文链接:https://medium.com/inc./how-to-avoid-these-6-unintended-consequences-of-using-a-i-at-your-company-6e23853f5eab
推荐理由:使用 AI 要避免的六个不良影响

How to Avoid These 6 Unintended Consequences of Using A.I. at Your Company

Everyone has heard about the big potential for using artificial intelligence (A.I.) to expand your business, but many of the small businesses I mentor are still wary of embracing it, because they don’t understand how it works, and fear losing control and unintended consequences.

My advice is that A.I. is here, so it behooves all of us to learn how to use it properly and move forward.

For example, it is a no-brainer to first take advantage of the wave of new capabilities for data collection and smarter analysis to improve productivity and marketing. What is not so obvious is how to create and roll out solutions that can directly impact customer trust or financial well-being.

There have been too many recent glitches, such as evidence of devices invading our privacy.

To put this all in perspective, I was happy to see the guidance and recommendations on how to deal with artificial intelligence correctly in a new book, The Big Nine, by Amy Webb.

As a recognized futurist and thought leader in this space, she outlines how the big nine tech titans, including Google, Microsoft, and Alibaba, should be working to solve key long-term issues.

I believe her guidance and insight on these issues is equally important to every business owner and entrepreneur in understanding and marketing the principles of artificial intelligence to their business solutions and their customers, along the following lines:

1. Don’t forget the social implications as well as business

A.I. assistants in homes are great (Google Assistant, Siri and Alexa) — but to children, they might easily be considered co-parents or teachers. Make sure you are comfortable that your offering which includes A.I. doesn’t go too far in molding human society into a non-human machine.

For example, Facebook realized just before rollout that their new AI-based chatbots, Alice and Bob, had developed their own secret language and were talking to each other in a new shorthand, potentially misleading users. Alice and Bob were shut down immediately.

2. Human employees and customers still need roles

While the disturbing visions of robots taking our jobs are almost certainly overblown, almost everyone sees no small amount of disruption ahead.

Your role in business is to manage the transition where humans and machines will productively co-exist to keep human customers satisfied.

3. Honor fundamental rights to personal security and privacy

As A.I. technology shapes how your customers access information, interact with devices, and share personal information, you will still be held responsible for protecting their data and privacy.

This doesn’t require any great technical acumen, just vigilant attention to values and rights.

It is already possible to collect digital breadcrumbs on team members or customers and use them to determine if online behaviors signal an intent to complete a desired action. The wrong use of these actions will put them, as well as your business, in jeopardy.

4. The value of a human life cannot be compromised

Artificial intelligence systems from IBM Watson and BioMind have already made great strides in diagnosing and treating life-threatening cancers.

But early mistakes have made it abundantly clear that they are not perfect, and decisions that are critical to saving lives can never have too much scrutiny.

5. We live in a non-homogeneous world

We must make sure that our business behavior is always inclusive. A.I. without oversight can take phenomena for granted, or fail to see that what works in one social domain, culture, or gender may not work in another.

As a current example, Tessa Lau, a computer scientist and cofounder of robotics company Savioke, says she frequently sees designs that neglect to take into account the perspectives of women and other minority groups.

6. Individual biases must be excluded

We all have unconscious (and conscious) biases that can be inadvertently built into artificial intelligence solutions and their usage, based on our race, gender, appearance, age, wealth and much more.

The result will be a lack of trust in your solution and lost opportunity for both your business and your customers.

As a business professional or executive, whether you feel qualified or not, you are on the forefront of the artificial intelligence revolution that will soon change every business and every customer.

The decisions you make now, even the seemingly small ones, may be critical in avoiding A.I. unintentional consequences and even assuring the long-term survival of our human species.
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